Gedera, or Gdera is a town in the Center District of Israel founded in 1884. It is located 13 kilometres south of Rehovot. In 2009, Gedera had a population of 11,500. Gedera was founded in the winter of 1884 by members of the Bilu group, to the south of Qatra. The Museum of the History of Gedera and the Biluim is located in a restored historical building at the end of Biluim Street. The Sverdlov Hut is the one remaining hut built by the Biluim. It belonged to Chana and Yigal Sverdlov, who later left it to the city. A sculpture garden in Gedera showcases the work of Yoma Segev, who creates sculptures from scrap and recycled materials. Gedera is considered to be the southern edge of central Israel while Hadera is considered the northern edge, hence the Israeli expression "from Hadera to Gedera" to describe the most populated area in Israel. The average annual temperature is 19.9 °C in Gedera. In a year, the average rainfall is 496 mm.