Israel is located in the Middle East, along the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. It lies at the junction of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. The country is just over 20,000km2 in area, with mountains and hills to the North which are covered in greenery all year, in the west there is a rift valley which runs North South and drops down to the lowest point on earth The Dead Sea or ים המלח (Salt Sea), rising up from there to the West there are the Judean Hills where Jerusalem the capital is situated. The South is a desert area which blooms in winter. The most Southern point is Eilat on the Red Sea with a climate that remains warm in winter 20c in the day and is hot in the summer. The general climate is described as Temperate with cool damp winters and hot dry summers. Most of the population is in the middle of the country from the 24 hour beach and party city of Tel Aviv to the historical tranquillity of Jerusalem, this is where most of the kosher restaurants are. As a tourist there are many different types of experiences to be had and many hotels to accommodate you. For a country the size of New Jersey, Israel's natural diversity is immense.