Hadera is a city located in the Haifa District of northern Israel, approximately 45 kilometers from the major cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa. The city is located along 7 km of the Israeli Mediterranean Coastal Plain. The city has a population of about 91,634, which includes a high proportion of immigrants arriving since 1990, notably from Ethiopia and the former Soviet Union. Hadera was established in 1891 as a farming colony by members of the Zionist group, Hovevei Zion, from Lithuania and Latvia. Hadera is located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastal plain. Nahal Hadera Park, a eucalyptus forest covering 1,300 dunams (1.3 km1; 0.5 sq mi) and Hasharon Park are located on the outskirts of Hadera. Hadera lies along two main Israel Railways lines, and 2 main roads the 1 and the 4. Tel Aviv and Haifa are both about an hour away by car.