Birmingham is a major city in England’s West Midlands region, with multiple Industrial Revolution-era landmarks that speak to its history as a manufacturing powerhouse. It’s also home to an extensive network of canals, many of which radiate from Sherborne Wharf and are lined with trendy cafes and bars. In the city centre, the Victorian Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery is known for pre-Raphaelite masterpieces. It is Englands second largest city with with 1,101,360 residents. In the middle ages it was only a medium sized town but by 1791 it had grown in population because of the industry that was developing in the city. Birmingham has a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with average maximum temperatures in summer (July) being around 11.3 °C (70.3 °F); and in winter (January) around 6.7 °C (44.1 °F). There are 571 parks within Birmingham – more than any other European city – totalling over 3,500 hectares (14 sq mi) of public open space.