Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and at the meeting-point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement. The city is close to winter skiing centres in the north and to seaside resorts on the Adriatic Sea. Between 1946 and 1992 the city was known as Titograd in honour of Josip Broz Tito. The name Podgorica means "[area] below Gorica". Gorica, meaning "little hill", is the name of one of the cypress-covered hillocks that overlook the city centre. The Ottoman Empire captured Podgorica in 1474. Podgorica became a kaza of the Sanjak of Scutari in 1479. As Yugoslavia began to break up, Titograd was renamed to Podgorica after a referendum on April 2, 1992. Podgorica has a humid subtropical climate, with temperatures reaching 30 degrees celcius.