Jamaica is a vibrant island nation in the Caribbean Sea, famed for its breathtaking landscapes, from white-sand beaches to misty mountains, and its pulsing cultural rhythm, heavily influenced by reggae music. Covering over 4,240 square miles, it's the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and hosts the bustling capital city of Kingston, the birthplace of reggae music icon Bob Marley. Originally settled by the Taino and Arawak people, the island was claimed by Spain after Columbus’s arrival in 1494 and was later taken over by the British until Jamaica’s independence in 1962. Despite this independence, it remains a member of the Commonwealth with the British monarch as a ceremonial head of state. Jamaica enjoys a tropical climate with hot, humid weather, and is rich in natural resources like bauxite. The country's topography and fertile soils support a variety of agricultural products, including the world-renowned Jamaican coffee. The essence of Jamaica is defined by its multi-ethnic roots, which include African, European, Asian, and indigenous influences, creating a distinctive and lively culture. This diversity is reflected in the island’s dialects, music, and traditions. Tourists are drawn to Jamaica for its scenic beauty, from the serene beaches of Negril to the rugged Blue Mountains, and for its cultural events such as Reggae Sumfest.