About South Africa
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded on the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century. However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics. South Africa has a generally temperate climate, due in part to being surrounded by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans on three sides. The extreme southwest has a climate remarkably similar to that of the Mediterranean with wet winters and hot, dry summers. South Africa has many things for the tourist to do both in the cities and in the surrounding regions from city tours to big game tours. There are many beautiful beaches and landscapes to enjoy as well.