Atlanta is the capital of, and the most populous city in, the U.S. state of Georgia. With an estimated 2017 population of 486,290. Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village where Peachtree Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now Atlanta. In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad in order to provide a link between the port of Savannah and the Midwest. Atlanta has a humid subtropical climate with the seasons more or less defined, although the winter has a shorter duration, with hot and humid summers and mild winters. Atlanta has a dynamic, distinctly Southern, culture. Atlanta is one of few United States cities with permanent, professional, and resident companies in all major performing arts disciplines. As of 2010, Atlanta is the seventh-most visited city in the United States, with over 35 million visitors per year.