Ankara, Turkey’s capital, sits in the country’s central Anatolia region. Vibrant and cosmopolitan, it’s a center for the performing arts, home to the State Opera and Ballet, the Presidential Symphony Orchestra and several national theater companies. Overlooking the city is Anitkabir, the enormous hilltop mausoleum of Atatürk, modern Turkey’s first president, who declared Ankara capital in 1923. Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. Ankara has cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.