Moscow, on the Moskva River in western Russia, is the nation’s cosmopolitan capital. In its historic core is the Kremlin, a fortified complex that’s home to the president and tsarist treasures in the Armoury. Outside its walls is Red Square, the country’s symbolic center and site of Lenin’s Mausoleum, State Historical Museum and St. Basil’s Cathedral, known for its colorful, patterned, onion-shaped domes. Moscow is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 11.1 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has some fantastic museums, art galleries, theatres and sites of interest including the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The State Historical Museum of Russia, the Bolshoi Theatre and the Moscow State Circus. Moscow is home to over 93 Theatres, it also has some very good shopping areas including Tverskaya Street, and Tretyakovsky Proyezd. Moscow has a humid continental climate with long, cold (although average by Russian standards) winters usually lasting from mid-November through the end of March, and warm summers.