About Mexico City
Mexico City is the densely populated, high-altitude capital of Mexico. It's known for its Templo Mayor (a 13th-century Aztec temple), the baroque Catedral Metropolitana of the Spanish conquistadors and the Palacio Nacional, which houses historic murals by Diego Rivera. All of this resides in and around the Plaza de la Constitución, the massive main square also known as the Zócalo. The 2009 estimated population for the city proper was around 8.84 million people. Mexico City is an important cultural center. Having been capital of a vast pre-Hispanic empire, and also the capital of richest viceroyalty within the Spanish Empire (ruling over a vast territory in the Americas and Spanish West Indies), and, finally, the capital of the United Mexican States, Mexico City has a rich history of artistic expression. Mexico City has numerous museums dedicated to art, it is also home to a number of orchestras offering season programs. The city is also a leading center of popular culture and music. The Historic Center of Mexico City is widely known for specialized, often low-cost retailers. Mexico City also possesses a number of fine markets.