The Kingdom of Bahrain is a small Arab state located in a bay on the southwestern coast of the Persian Gulf. It is made up of 51 natural islands and 33 artificial islands, centered around Bahrain Island. The capital, port and largest city is Manama. Bahrain sits between the Qatari peninsula and the northeastern coast of Saudi Arabia. The 24-kilometer King Fahd Causeway connects Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Bahrain’s population is over 1.2 million according to the 2010 census, around half are foreign-born.