Amsterdam is the Netherlands’ capital, known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system and narrow houses with gabled facades, legacies of the city’s 17th-century Golden Age. Its Museum District houses works by Rembrandt and Vermeer at the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum and modern art at the Stedelijk. Cycling is key to the city’s character, and there are 400km of cycle paths. Amsterdam has a population of 831,179 within the city proper, 1,316,384 in the urban area and 1,599,737 in the metropolitan area. The most important museums of Amsterdam are located on the Museumplein (Museum Square), located at the southwestern side of the Rijksmuseum. There are many artists who have made Amsterdam there home at some part of their lives, amongst them are Van Gogh and Rembrandt. Amsterdam is famous for its vibrant and diverse nightlife. In 2008, there were 140 festivals and events in Amsterdam.